A puma is adaptable to a variety of ecosystems. It can live in dry desert areas as comfortably as he can in the rainforests.
They are large solitary animals and are crepuscular, so they hunt during dawn and dusk, and eat almost anything, like raccoon, deer, mice, rabbits, and even birds.
Pumas need large land areas to hunt, and they are territorial. This means that each puma has its special hunting area that no other puma is allowed to enter.
The puma serves an important function in the eco system. Although they are endangered species (because they are hunted for their fur), they make sure that other animals like deer and goat do not multiply too much (so the land cannot accommodate them).
They are hunters, and their bodies have adapted over millions of years to make them champions at their job. Their front legs are bigger than their hind legs, which allow them to grab their prey easily. They also have five claws that they can pull in on their front paws and 4 on the back.
They also have round heads with ears pointing upright, as well as very muscular necks and strong jaws. These along with excellent hearing and vision, make them killing machines.
In their large hunting areas, they stalk their prey quietly and pounce on them from behind, killing them with a deathly bite to the neck. Their spines are flexible and made for this type of action. They then cover their prey (if it is large) with leaves and bushes and eat the meat over a few days, often supplementing it with small rats and other insects.
Not only are they fast on land, but they are expert climbers and superb swimmers. These talents allow them to thrive in any terrain. They do not however like crowded areas and therefore avoid any human settlements.
Their coats are a grayish yellow, which provides the perfect camouflage for their different surroundings. Although they are a large breed of animals, usually about the same size as a human, they belong to the subfamily “Felinae” (small cats).