The roadrunner is a bird with very long legs belonging to the cuckoo family. There are two types of roadrunners, the Greater Roadrunner and the Lesser Roadrunner.
The roadrunner is found most commonly in the western and southwestern regions of America and has some amazing physical and mental adaptations that allow it to survive the dry arid climate.
Its long legs allow him to run very fast across the desert, which help him camouflage and avoid detection by predators. It can run up to about 16 mph, which for a bird of his size is amazing.
Its feathers are brown, and white, and this allows him to blend into the desert surroundings. These wings also allow him to fly for short distances.
He is quite a large bird, about two feet tall, which gives him an advantage over large animals in the desert that he hunts for food. He is even able to hunt rattlesnakes.
Another rather disturbing yet unique adaptation of the roadrunner is that when there is a food shortage he even eats his young.
It uses its beak to kill larger prey by delivering a blow to the base of the neck, and kills smaller prey by holding them in his beak and hitting them against a rock.
The dry desert is in short supply of water all the time. This is not a problem for the roadrunner, which can survive for long periods without water. He obtains water from the prey it kills (their body water) and eats fruits from which he gains water.
At night, the roadrunner conserves its energy by lowering its body temperature. In the morning, he exposes a patch of his dark skin directly to the sunlight, which warms him up.
Another adaptation of this bird is that it only has one mate its entire lifetime. They are monogamous. The pair stay together and protect the area where they incubate their eggs, and later bring up their young (that is if they do not eat them first)
These birds build nests to protect their young with scraps of material often lining the inside with things like snakeskin, which retain the heat within.
They have a unique water retention system where they re-absorb the water from their feces before excretion. Furthermore, his nasal glands eliminate excess salt in the body, instead of from its urinary tract like other birds.